You, like most of us, have heard about CBD and its benefits. If you also want to take the plunge, here is a short guide for anyone who wants to buy their first CBD oil without breaking the bank and without compromising on quality.
1. The method of production of CBD oils
To fully understand this subject, we must distinguish between edible oils consumed for their fatty acids , such as olive oil, where olives are pressed to extract the oil naturally contained therein. We will then speak of first or even second cold extraction.
There is no question of this type of technique in the world of hemp oils. In fact, the active ingredients, such as CBD but also terpenes and flavonoids which play a fundamental role in what we call " the entourage effect " (we will come back to this later) are produced by the trichomes , so small bags on the surface of the hemp flower. It is not enough to mechanically press the flowers to extract an oil.
To extract the active ingredients from the trichomes , the flowers must first be harvested and then two main methods are used. The so-called dyeing method using alcohol as a solvent, or the supercritical CO2 method.
The tincture consists of soaking the CBD flowers in an alcohol bath, which allows molecules such as CBD to be extracted from the trichomes, then the alcohol is allowed to evaporate and the product formed is then mixed. to an oil, such as hemp oil (less expensive, but with a very bitter taste) or other more neutral oils.
Strong points :
- the production cost is low
Weak points :
- there may be leftover alcohol which can give a bad taste and cause greater or lesser toxicity depending on the alcohol used
The supercritical CO2 method consists, after harvesting the CBD flowers, of placing them in a tank in which CO2 will be heated and increased in pressure until it reaches its so-called " supercritical " state halfway between the liquid phase and gaseous. This state allows CO2 to pass through the trichomes and extract all of the active ingredients which are in turn collected in an oil. Commonly, hemp or coconut oil will be used. Once the process is complete, the pressure and temperature return to normal and the CO2 evaporates, leaving no trace of solvent in the mixture formed.
Strong points :
- without health risks
- taste without bitterness thanks to the use of coconut oil
- The cost
At Maison Sativa we have chosen safety and quality by only producing our CBD oils using the supercritical CO2 method. We have also chosen coconut oil for our oils in order to offer you a product without bitter taste.
2. A full-spectrum CBD oil
A full-spectrum CBD oil is an oil in which in addition to finding CBD you find all the phytocannabinoids produced by the plant as well as terpenes and flavonoids .
Terpenes are aromatic molecules that give the hemp flower its scent . Terpenes have physiological properties, such as Linalool which is a powerful anxyolitic or myrcene which has muscle relaxant effects.
In total, a little more than 500 molecules are produced by the hemp flower.
All of these molecules play a fundamental role in what is called the "entourage effect" , which means that each of these molecules are more effective when administered together than separately. They act in synergy with each other and modulate their effects between them. This explains why CBD administered alone is often not very effective.
This is why it is important to buy a full spectrum oil (also called Full Spectrum) and not a broad spectrum oil, often called "broad spectrum" in which we find much fewer molecules of interest than in a full spectrum oil. complete.
At Maison Sativa all our oils are full spectrum . Only THC, a molecule with a psychotropic effect, is removed from our oils; it may be present as a residue, always less than 0.2%. This avoids any risk of being positive in a stupefying test and guarantees you a fully effective oil.
3. Choosing the right dosage
The concentrations usually offered in specialized stores generally range from 5 to 30%, or even 40% of CBD.
The choice of percentage will depend on the nature of the targeted disorder and your body mass.
Therefore, in the case of significant pain, it will be recommended to consume 1 mg of CBD per kilogram per dose. With a 20% oil you have 10 mg of CBD per drop, with a 15% oil, 7 mg of CBD per drop and with a 10% oil, 5 mg of CBD per drop.
Practical case: for a person weighing 70 kg, it will be enough to take 7 drops of a 20% oil per dose.
Anxiety may require lower doses, it will be up to you to test to find the ideal dose. In general, a dose of 40 mg can be sufficient, or 4 drops of a 20% oil.
What you need to remember is that 10% CBD oil has half the dosage of 20% CBD oil. To obtain the same effect, you will therefore need to take twice as many drops of a 10% oil as with a 20% oil. As a result, the bottle of a 10% oil will last you half as long as that of a 20% oil.
20% oil is certainly more expensive, but it lasts longer. It is therefore sometimes more economical and more practical to take an oil dosed at 20%.
4. Do not exceed 20% CBD concentration
It is useless to exceed 20% CBD for a simple reason: as we saw previously, it is not only the CBD that counts. There are around 500 active ingredients that work in synergy with CBD, allowing you to properly relieve your pain or anxiety. Thus the 10%, 15% and 20% oils have the same base with equivalent quantities of Limonene , Linalool or other phytocannabinoids, only the CBD concentration varies between a 10% oil and a 20% oil . So if you take 4 drops of an oil dosed at 20%, you also absorb a significant quantity of terpenes and other interesting molecules.
On the other hand, if you buy a 40% oil, you will only take 2 drops compared to 4 for a 20% oil, but you will absorb half as much of the other active ingredients. Except in too low a concentration, these molecules will not allow CBD to be properly assimilated by the body.
At Maison Sativa we therefore recommend that you do not exceed 20% CBD in order to have a so-called "balanced" oil where the ratio of CBD is not in large excess compared to the other molecules.
By following this rule you will avoid buying oil that is too expensive and often less effective.
To choose a CBD oil carefully, we recommend that you choose a full-spectrum CBD oil with a CBD dosage not exceeding 20% and avoid oils produced from alcohol-based solvents.